|The first early Christian churches used mosaic
for decorative and iconographic designs.
In Ravenna, during the 5th and 6th centuries, the process of mosaic
evolved to become Byzantine mosaic, for it was very widespread in
The Muslims greatly exploited this art to decorate their Mosques and
At the end of the Middle Ages, the fancy for mosaic faded, though
it could still be found in Italian churches.
Mosaic came back only during the 20th century thanks to the art deco
style. Artists like Klimt, Gaudi and Chagall brought full value back
Today, many artists still carry on this art and use various techniques